Guide for Authors

 Editorial policies

Manuscripts are processed under the understanding that no part of the work presented has been published previously in print or electronic format except as abstract and that no part of the work presented is under consideration elsewhere for publication. It is understood that that authors publishing in Progress in Biological Sciences will be willing upon request to distribute materials and protocols used in their published experiments to qualified researchers for their own use. Ultimately, the authors and not the publisher are responsible for all scientific, academic, ethical and legal issues relating to published articles.

Manuscript types

The journal considers three types of manuscripts for publication:

  • Research articles: Most of the publications will be of this sort. These will present results of original research.
  • Editorials: Editorials are usually written upon invitation from the editorial board. These may regard a specific research article in the same issue or a subject of particular importance.
  • Review articles: Review articles are also written upon request from the editorial board.

Editorial process

All submissions are initially evaluated by members of the editorial board. Manuscripts that clearly do not conform to the journal’s aims or standards will be returned to the authors without further review as quickly as possible. The retained manuscripts will be sent to at least two reviewers who have agreed in advance to review them. Authors are asked to suggest names of three appropriate reviewers and provide reasons for the choices. Every effort will be made to expedite the review process.

Manuscript format

  • Manuscripts must be submitted electronically at
  • Manuscripts should consist of Title page and these sections: Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References, Figure legends, Figures, and Tables.
  • We suggest that manuscripts include a maximum of six figures and tables in total. Authors can submit figures containing multiple sections, but each figure should have only one legend. 
  • A cover letter should be sent along with the manuscript. The cover letter should briefly explain the novelty and significance of the research in light existing knowledge.
  • Manuscripts should be submitted as a Microsoft Word file (version 2003 or later). The text should be double spaced and the lines and pages should be numbered.
  • The title page must include the following items: title of manuscript, full names and affiliations of authors, phone, fax and e-mail address of corresponding author. We strongly prefer that the corresponding author presents an academic E-mail address. The affiliations of authors should be indicated with superscripts to their names. The title page should also include a running headline of no more than 45 characters (counting spaces).
  • The abstract should contain a maximum of 250 words. It should present a brief background, and convey the conceptual advance and significance of the work. A maximum of six keywords should be suggested under the abstract. The use of abbreviations and acronyms in the abstract is discouraged.
  • Each figure and table should be presented on a separate file. They should be tilted in bold e.g. Figure 1, Table 1, but text of legends should not be in bold. Each part of figures with multiple parts, should be submitted separately and appropriately labeled (e.g. Figure 1A, Figure 1B).
  • Tables should be sent as WORD files, not as pictures. They should be editable.
  • Figure legends should not be included in the figure files; they should be part of the main text file, appearing after References as described above.
  • Within text of manuscript, reference to figures should be as in following examples:
  • As is apparent is Figure 3, the treatment resulted in disruption of the cytoskeleton.
  • Exposure to the miRNA resulted in 50-fold decrease in protein expression (Fig. 4).
  • Figures should be sent as .jpg files with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
  • For printing purposes, all RGB colors need to be converted to CMYK.
  • Send Table and Figure files at approximately the size they are to be printed. Standard sizes for academic journals are 75 mm (single column) or 160 mm (double column).
  • Line weights in Figures and Tables should be between 0.5 and 1 pt.
  • Units of measurement should be abbreviated. Some common units are as follows: mg, g, μl, l, h, min and sec. There should be a space between numerals and units: 10 mg not 10mg.
  • Temperature and percentage should be given, respectively as 20°C and 50%, without spaces between numeral and symbol.
  • Only articles that are published or in press should be cited.

In text citations

  • In text citations should be presented with numbers in parenthesis. The numbers should be in order of appearance in the manuscript, and will correspond to references with same number in the Reference list.
  • Software should be cited in text; name and location of the manufacturer should be presented in parentheses e.g. (Sequencher V3, Ann Arbor, MI, USA)

Reference list

  • References should be listed in numerical order.
  • Please include a maximum of 40 references.
  • Journal titles and author initials should be properly abbreviated and punctuated. Abbreviate and italicize all journal titles. Journal title abbreviations are available at: ALL abbreviated words in journal titles, i.e. Hum. Mol. Genet. NOT Hum Mol Genet. Use proper spacing between author names and initials.
  • Type complete page numbers i.e. 345-349 NOT 345-9 or 345-49.
  • Volume number should be keyed in boldface.
  • Do not use issue numbers.
  • List 10 authors before adding et al.
  • Use commas (,) not colons (:) in the references.
  • Article titles of references are required.
  • You may use EndNote to facilitate referencing. The referencing style of Progress in Biological Sciences journal's style is available at in Biological Sciences.ens.
  • Examples of reference styles are presented below:
  • Published journal article:

                - Gorecki,D.C., Monaco,A.P., Derry,J.M.J., Walker,A.P., Barnard,E.A. and Barnard,P.J. (1992) Expression of four alternative dystrophin transcripts in brain regions regulated by different promoters. Hum. Mol. Genet., 1, 505-511.

  • Journal article in press:

          - Francis,V. and Bastin,M. (2000) Gene targeting in rat embryo fibroblasts promoted by the polyomavirus large T antigen. Nucleic Acids Res., in press.

  • Article published online:

          - Qiao, D., Chen, W., Stratagoules, E. and Martinez, J. (May 19, 2000) Bile acid-induced activation of activator protein-1 requires both extracellular signal-regulated kinase and protein kinase C signaling. J. Biol. Chem., 10.1074/jbc.M908890199

  • Book reference:

       - Maniatis,T., Fritsch,E.F. and Sambrook,J. (1982) Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.

  • Chapter in book:

        - Huynh,T.V., Young,R.A. and Davis,R.W. (1988) DNA Cloning. In Glover,D.M. (ed.), DNA Cloning - A Practical Approach. IRL Press, Oxford, UK, Vol. 1, pp. 49-78.

  • Dissertation/Thesis:

             - Smith JP (1985) DNA sequences. PhD thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

  • References to manuscripts submitted, but not yet accepted, should be cited in the text as (B.Jones and L.Smith, manuscript in preparation) and should not be included in the list of references.
  • Citations of submitted manuscripts should include all authors involved. Authors are encouraged to cite web URLs in parentheses at the appropriate mention in the text.